Our interventional pain physician, Dr. Anil K. Sharma, is a leading practitioner of state-of-the-art techniques specializing in the use of minimally-invasive techniques to treat spinal disorders. He has performed over 70,000 spinal procedures in his 27+ years of clinical practice.
Piriformis syndrome is a condition causing pain in the buttocks and down the back of the legs. The pain is caused by a small muscle deep within your buttocks called the piriformis muscle. The sciatic nerve runs just beneath it causing the buttock pain and tingling to radiate down the leg. It may be hard to sit comfortably.
Symptoms of Piriformis Syndrome Pain
Sciatica is the main symptom of piriformis syndrome. Other symptoms include:
- Tenderness or a dull ache in the buttock
- Tingling or numbness in the buttock and along the back of the leg
- Difficulty sitting
- Pain from sitting that grows worse as you continue to sit
- Pain that gets worse with activity
- Lower body pain that is so severe it becomes disabling
Causes of Piriformis Syndrome Pain
Injuring or irritating the piriformis muscle can cause muscle spasms.The muscle may also swell or tighten from the spasms. This puts pressure on the nerve beneath it, causing pain.
Overuse can cause swelling or injure the muscle. Muscle spasms may come from:
- Sitting for long periods
- Over exercising
- Running, walking, or doing other repetitive activities
- Playing sports
- Climbing stairs
- Lifting heavy objects
Trauma can also cause muscle irritation and damage. This may be caused by:
- Car accidents
- Sudden twisting of the hip
- Penetrating wounds